Learning/Teaching/Training Activities in Italy

The week dedicated to the element of Fire started on February 25th and ended on March 1st, at Ciro Scianna School, at Bagheria, with a delegation of foreign teachers and students from Holland, Portugal and the Czech Republic. There were six students from Portugal, accompanied by the Coordinator of the Project and two other teachers, seven students from Holland, accompanied by two teachers and six students from the Czech Republic, accompanied by the Czech Coordinator and another teacher. There were also seven teachers and six students from the hosting school. Dutch and Czech pupils were hosted in thirteen Italian families.
On Monday the project participants were welcomed by the headmistress and the Erasmus Italian Team shortly after their arrival to the school. The activities started with a tour of the school and after the tour, everybody gathered in the Erasmus classroom for a show about Colapesce, a well-known character of a Sicilian tale, performed by the Italian students. Later the students of each country presented their Fire presentations. During this day, the students also worked in the Science lab with the Maths teachers where four heterogeneous groups of pupils from each nationality were gathered. In the afternoon the groups went sightseeing and they visited Villa Palagonia.
On Tuesday was dedicated to activities which were held in Palermo. A bus took the participants to the Gemmellaro Museum in the morning. This museum is one of the most important European scientific institutions, thanks to the impressive collection of fossils and rocks, in particular volcanic, from Sicily. Special attention was dedicated to the Hall of the Volcano with a virtual visit inside an erupting volcano. Finally, students and teachers participated in an interactive geological lab where they touched and observed the rocks, the most beautiful of sedimentary, volcanic and metamorphic rocks; they also witnessed a volcanic eruption live thanks to a model of volcano. Pupils and teachers were assisted by an expert guide who organized the workshop about the volcanic rocks and introduced the historical collection of the museum. The afternoon was dedicated to a tour of Palermo where they visited the most important buildings of the Arab-Norman itinerary.
On Wednesday morning, the students were involved in an event which was organized at the University of Palermo. “Esperienza inSegna” is an exhibition of scientific experiments where students are protagonists performing scientific experiments. The students were divided into three groups and they observed various exhibitions presented by educational institutions and universities accompanied by the guides. In particular, they focused on the stand of the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology where samples of magmatic rocks and a sectioned plastic showing the internal and external structure of a volcano were observed.
In the afternoon the Cultural Association of Volcanoes and Environment in Palermo organized a workshop about volcanic risks and geothermal energy at Ciro Scianna School. During the workshop, the geologist of the Association, introduced the internal structure of the Earth, geodynamics, volcanic risk and geothermal energy. After that, the pupils were divided into three heterogeneous groups that performed simulations about an exothermic reaction of a volcanic eruption and a volcanic eruption.
On Thursday, the project participants were involved in class observation and played a Kahoot game to check the acquisition of their competences about the element Fire. In the afternoon, a bus took the students to the Fire Department in Palermo. The commander of the fire brigade welcomed the students and introduced the fire brigade as well as other elements of the Department.
In the evening all the participants took part in the Farewell dinner in a typical restaurant where all the students had the opportunity to socialize during a dancing party.
On Friday, the group participated in a tour to Etna. At Etna summit the European team had the opportunity to follow the explanation of two qualified guides, who illustrated, the volcanic activity.
After lunch, the students visited the largest museum in Italy dedicated to Etna Volcano. The museum displays a rich collection of photos, which describe the different evolutionary phases of the eruptions and a scale model of the entire Etna area. The students watched also some films and documentaries concerning the most significant volcanic eruptions and observed samples of lava products such as crystals and volcanic bombs.